Home HealthPsoriasis Creams for Psoriasis Treatment A Comprehensive Guide

Creams for Psoriasis Treatment A Comprehensive Guide

by Gada
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Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the skin, causing red, scaly patches to appear. It is estimated that 2-3% of the world’s population suffers from psoriasis, making it a highly prevalent condition. While there is no cure for psoriasis, there are various treatment options available, including creams. In this article, we will explore the different creams used for psoriasis treatment and their effectiveness.

What is Psoriasis?

Creams for Psoriasis Treatment A Comprehensive Guide

Before diving into the different creams used for psoriasis treatment, let’s first understand what psoriasis is. Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the skin cells’ life cycle, causing them to multiply 10 times faster than normal. This rapid proliferation leads to the buildup of thick and scaly patches on the skin’s surface, which can be itchy and painful. The most commonly affected areas include the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.

Psoriasis is believed to have a genetic component, with about one-third of people with psoriasis having a family history of the condition. Triggers such as stress, infections, and certain medications can also worsen psoriasis symptoms.

The Role of Creams in Psoriasis Treatment

Creams for Psoriasis Treatment A Comprehensive Guide

Creams are a popular choice for psoriasis treatment because they are easy to apply and generally well-tolerated. They work by reducing inflammation, slowing down the cell turnover process, and moisturizing the skin. The type of cream prescribed will depend on the severity of the psoriasis, the affected area, and individual preferences.

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Topical Steroids

Topical steroids are the most commonly prescribed creams for psoriasis treatment. They work by reducing inflammation and suppressing the immune system’s overreaction, which causes psoriasis symptoms. These creams come in different strengths, and the strength prescribed will depend on the severity of the psoriasis. Some common topical steroids used for psoriasis include clobetasol, betamethasone, and triamcinolone.

One of the main advantages of topical steroids is their ability to provide quick relief from itching, redness, and inflammation. However, prolonged use can cause skin thinning, stretch marks, and other side effects. It is essential to follow the prescribed dosage and not use these creams for an extended period.

How to Use Topical Steroids

  1. Start with a clean and dry affected area.
  2. Apply a thin layer of the cream and rub it in gently.
  3. Wash your hands after applying the cream, unless the hands are the affected area.
  4. Do not cover the affected area with a bandage or dressing, unless directed by your doctor.
  5. If using multiple topical medications, wait for at least 30 minutes between applications.

Potential Side Effects of Topical Steroids

  • Skin thinning
  • Stretch marks
  • Burning or stinging sensation
  • Acne
  • Changes in skin color
  • Increased hair growth

Vitamin D Analogs

Vitamin D analogs are synthetic forms of vitamin D that work by slowing down the production of skin cells. These creams are often used for mild to moderate psoriasis and can be combined with topical steroids for improved efficacy. Some common vitamin D analogs used for psoriasis treatment include calcipotriene and calcitriol.

The main advantage of vitamin D analogs is their ability to reduce inflammation without causing as many side effects as topical steroids. However, they may take longer to show results compared to steroid creams.

How to Use Vitamin D Analogs

  1. Follow the same steps for using topical steroids.
  2. Avoid applying the cream on the face, as it can cause irritation.
  3. Do not apply more than the recommended amount, as this can increase the risk of side effects.

Potential Side Effects of Vitamin D Analogs

  • Skin irritation
  • Dry skin
  • Peeling
  • Itching

Coal Tar Preparations

Coal tar preparations have been used for psoriasis treatment for over a century. They work by slowing down the rapid cell turnover and reducing inflammation. These creams are available in different strengths, and they may also come in the form of shampoo or bath solutions for scalp and body psoriasis, respectively.

The main advantage of coal tar preparations is their ability to reduce itching and scaling. However, they can be messy to use and have an unpleasant smell.

How to Use Coal Tar Preparations

  1. Follow the same steps for using topical steroids.
  2. Apply a thin layer of the cream and rub it in gently.
  3. Wash your hands after applying the cream, unless the hands are the affected area.
  4. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight after applying, as this can cause photosensitivity.
  5. Do not use on broken or infected skin.

Potential Side Effects of Coal Tar Preparations

  • Skin irritation
  • Staining of skin and clothes
  • Photosensitivity

FAQs: Common Questions About Creams for Psoriasis Treatment

Creams for Psoriasis Treatment A Comprehensive Guide

What is the best cream for treating psoriasis?

The best cream for treating psoriasis will depend on the severity of the condition, affected area, and individual preferences. Some of the most commonly prescribed creams for psoriasis include topical steroids, vitamin D analogs, and coal tar preparations.

Can I use multiple creams at once for my psoriasis?

Yes, your doctor may prescribe a combination of creams for better efficacy. However, it is essential to follow the prescribed dosage and wait at least 30 minutes between applications, if using multiple creams.

Are there any natural creams that can treat psoriasis?

There are no natural creams that have been scientifically proven to treat psoriasis. However, some natural ingredients, such as aloe vera, may provide relief from symptoms when used topically.

Can I use creams for psoriasis on my face?

Some creams, such as topical steroids, should not be used on the face. It is essential to follow your doctor’s instructions and avoid using any creams on your face unless directed otherwise.

How long will it take for creams to show results for my psoriasis?

The time it takes for creams to show results may vary depending on the severity of the psoriasis and the type of cream used. Some creams, such as topical steroids, may provide quick relief, while others, like vitamin D analogs, may take longer to show results.

Conclusion

Creams for Psoriasis Treatment A Comprehensive Guide

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the skin, causing red, scaly patches to appear. While there is no cure for psoriasis, various treatment options, including creams, can help manage and reduce symptoms. Topical steroids, vitamin D analogs, and coal tar preparations are some of the most commonly prescribed creams for psoriasis treatment. However, it is essential to follow your doctor’s instructions and report any side effects experienced during treatment. With proper care and treatment, people living with psoriasis can lead a fulfilling life.

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